Govind Pandharinath Pansare was born on 24 November 1933 in Kolhar village, Shrirampur taluka, Ahmednagar district, Maharashtra. Pansare joined the local branch of Rashtra Seva Dal, a local socialist group founded by Sane Guruji. Pansare used to run an organization which encouraged inter-caste marriages. He had opposed the Putrakameshti yajna, a Hindu ritual that supposed results in a male child.
After the murder of Narendra Dabholkar, the anti-superstition activist, Pansare had asked the members of Maharashtra Andhashraddha Nirmoolan Samiti to continue his work. Pansare has written 21 books, most of the commentaries on social wrongs. Shivaji Kon Hota? (Marathi for Who was Shivaji) is considered his most notable work. It was a counter to the ideology of Hindutva organizations and right-wing organizations like Shiv Sena, for whom the king Shivaji is an icon. Pansare said in his book that Shivaji, in reality, was a secular leader who appointed Muslims as his generals. On 16 February 2015, at 9:25 am, Pansare and his wife Uma were returning from their morning walk from their society.